X. Research on Abuse with Premarital and Married Couples

  • Self-Confidence and Parental Abuse on Premarital Couple Satisfaction
    Craddock (2006)
  • Spouse Abuse and Marital Dynamics based on ENRICH: A National Survey
    Asai and Olson (2003)

pdf-iconSelf-Confidence as a Mediator of the Effect of Parental
Abuse on Premarital Couple Satisfaction (2006)


Alan E. Craddock (2006)
This study investigates the hypothesis that experience of parental abuse in the family of origin is associated with subsequent premarital relationship difficulties in adulthoo, and that this effect is mediated in part by low self-confidence. The participants were 520 Australian heterosexual couples participating in the PREPARE premarital program before their marriage.  The PREPARE Inventory (Olson, 1996) provided measures of couple relationship satisfaction and individual levels of self-confidence, experience of parental abuse and idealistic distortion.  Multiple regression analyses indicated that, independenct of idealistic distortion, female experience of parental abuse was associated with couple dissatisfaction, and that low self-confidence was mediator of this effect.  This effect was not evident in the male data, perhaps largely due to the strong influence of idealistic distortion.

Reference: E-Journal of Applied Psychology: Clinical and Social Issues. 2(1): 52-60 (2006)

pdf-iconSpouse Abuse and Marital Dynamics based on ENRICH: A National Survey
Shuji G. Asai & David H. Olson (2003)
This study examined spouse abuse from the ecological perspective using the data from a national sample of 20,951 couples that took the ENRICH couple inventory. ENRICH assessed three ecological areas -contextual and socio-cultural factors; individual traits and behaviors; and couple interaction processes. Abusive individuals and couples showed significantly lower levels of relational functioning in all three ecological areas assessed by ENRICH.