VIII. Research with Ethnic and Cultural Groups

  • Validation of the Korean Premarital Inventory: K–PREPARE
    Kim, Nami (2009)
  • Discriminate Validity of Korean Version of ENRICH
    Park, Kim, Song and Lee (2009)
  • Hispanic & Caucasian Married Couple Types based on ENRICH
    Olson and Garrett (2006)
  • Five Types of African American Marriages based on ENRICH
    Allen and Olson (2001)
  • Cultural Adaptation of PREPARE with Japanese Premarital Couples
    Asai and Olson (2004)

pdf-iconValidation of the Korean Premarital Inventory: K–PREPARE
Kim, Nami (2009)
An analysis of the theoretical field identified 11 factors which could affect the marriage preparation of Korean premarital couples. The K-PREPARE assessed 10 of the 11 factors. Furthermore, 7 factors of the K-PREPARE were in harmony with Premarital Preparation Evaluation Scale (PREPARE) developed for Korea. This study found the K-PREPARE to be culturally relevant.

Methodologically, this study examined translation verification, the structure of sub-scales and reliability analysis, as well as construct validity, criterion-related validity, and predictive validity of the K-PREPARE. This study proved that the K-PREPARE is a relevant and valid tool for Korean premarital couples.

Doctoral Dissertation 2009, Department of Education, Yonsei University

pdf-iconDiscriminate Validity of Korean Version of ENRICH
Jae woo Park, Kevin Deokil Kim, Wan young Song, & Jee yeon Lee (2009)
This study was designed to validate Korean ENRICH (K-ENRICH) Inventory. A total sample of 1058 married couples' data was analyzed. Internal consistencies of K-ENRICH subscales ranged from .68 to .90 and the coefficients of temporal stability (test-retest) ranged from .57 to .89. The results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that K-ENRICH consisted of 10 factors. Model fit indices were acceptable (RMSEA=.065, TLI=.90, and CFI=.92). Correlations between FACES-III (Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale 3rd Ed.) and 10 subscales of K-ENRICH ranged from .57-.85. Discriminant analysis, which was done for assessing discriminant validity, showed that Positive Couple Agreement (PCA) scores could discern the married satisfied group from the married dissatisfied group with 95.8% accuracy. Overall, results found a high internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity.

Reference: Korean Journal of Christian Counseling, May 2009.

pdf-iconHispanic & Caucasian Married Couple Types based on ENRICH (2006)
Olson & Garrett (2006)
Although it is often assumed that different ethnic groups will have different patterns of marriage, this study found considerable similarity in couple types across four ethnic combinations of married couples (both Hispanic, both Caucasian, Hispanic Male—Caucasian Female, Hispanic Female—Caucasian Male). This study is based on ENRICH data used in a dissertation by Jeffery Garrett (2004) who found no significant differences between the four groups of couples on the major ENRICH scales (i.e. marital satisfaction, communication, conflict resolution).

pdf-iconFive Types of African American Marriages based on ENRICH (2001)
William D. Allen & David H. Olson (2001)
This study developed a marital typology based on a non-random, national sample of 415 African-American marriages who took the ENRICH marital assessment inventory. The resulting typology was compared with a similar sample of about 7,000 marriages (who also took ENRICH), including distressed couples and those seeking marital enrichment. Five types of African-American marriages were identified through cluster analysis of positive couple agreement (PCA) scores in ten relationship domains. Relationships between marital satisfaction, marital stability and the five marital types were then analyzed. The five types (from highest marital satisfaction to lowest) were labeled as vitalized, harmonious, traditional, conflicted, and devitalized. The study replicated the number and characteristics of marital types found in predominantly European-American marital samples, including the percentage of African-American marriages in each type.

Reference: Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 2001, Vol. 27, No. 3, 301-314.

pdf-iconCultural Adaptation of PREPARE with Japanese Premarital Couples (2004)
Shuji G. Asai & David H. Olson (2004)
In this study, we attempted to achieve a culturally sensitive adaptation of the PREPARE Inventory with Japanese couples. A Japanese premarital couple typology was developed using cluter analyses. Several unique features of the Japanese premarital types are identified and discussed.

Reference: Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 2004, Vol. 30, No. 4, 411-426.